How much money can states earn in tax revenue if they legalize sports gambling? About 18 months since the Supreme Court struck down the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA), we have some answers.
Since PASPA was struck down in May 2018, it’s up to each state to decide if sports betting is legal, and 13 states now allow it. Between June 2018 and August 2019, Nevada’s sports handle (the total amount wagered) was $6.6 billion and New Jersey’s was $4.6 billion. There’s a big drop-off after that, with Pennsylvania at $608 million.
New Jersey makes more tax revenue from sports betting than Nevada, despite having a handle that’s almost $2 billion less.
So people bet nearly $2 billion more on sports in Nevada than New Jersey during this time, but the latter took in more in tax revenue. Why? New Jersey has an 8.5% tax for sports bets made in person and a 13% tax for online and mobile sports bets. Nevada has a much lower tax rate of 6.75% for all types of sports bets.
Over 80% of all sports bets placed in New Jersey were made online, as opposed to at a retail location, meaning that a vast majority of New Jersey wagers were taxed at the 13% rate. Unlike New Jersey, Nevada does not differentiate online vs retail gambling in their public submissions.